High Scalability

Sponsored Post: Spotify, Telenor Digital, Kinsta, Aerospike, InMemory.Net, VividCortex, MemSQL, Scalyr, AiScaler, AppDynamics, ManageEngine, Site24x7

High Scalability - Thu, 2016-05-12 16:06

Who's Hiring?
  • Site Reliability Engineer Manager. We at Spotify are looking for an engineering leader (Chapter Lead) to manage the NYC part of the Site Reliability Engineering team. This team works with the infrastructure that powers the music service used by millions of users, built by hundreds of engineers. We create tools, develop infrastructure, and teach good practices to help Spotify engineers move faster. As a Chapter Lead your primary responsibility is to the people on your team: ensuring that the members are growing as engineers, doing valuable work, performing well, and generally having a great time at Spotify. Read more and apply here

  • Site Reliability Engineer. Spotify SREs design, code, and operate tools and systems to reduce the amount of time and effort necessary for our engineers to scale the world’s best music streaming product to 40 million users. We are strong believers in engineering teams taking operational responsibility for their products and work hard to support them in this. We work closely with engineers to advocate sensible, scalable, systems design and share responsibility with them in diagnosing, resolving, and preventing production issues. Read more and apply here

  • Backend Engineer. We at Spotify are looking for senior backend engineers to join our team of talented engineers that share a common interest in distributed backend systems, their scalability and continued development.  You will build the backend systems that power our application, scale highly distributed systems, and continuously improve our engineering practices. Read more and apply here

  • Security Engineer. The security team at Spotify is a distributed team supporting autonomous development teams with a focus on raising security awareness, sharing responsibility, and building tools. We aim to constantly improve the security posture for our fast-paced, rapidly-changing environment in a manner that will keep up with our scale. We’re knowledgeable in many domains of security and are willing to teach (and learn) from anyone at the company. Read more and apply here

  • Data Architect. You will be a key figure in a rapidly growing team, where the role will highly depend on you. You must have extensive experience in Cloud Computing and AWS and deeply understand databases and/or Information Architecture (PostgreSQL, Cassandra, MongoDB, Redis, etc.). And if you also know your way in the Hadoop ecosystem (including Spark and HDFS), Kafka, Cassandra and other big data technologies, this will be more than enough. You have an understanding of how to structure the data sources and data feeds of the Data Insights big data solution, plan for integration and maintenance of the data as well as have an eye on the logical design and on how the data flows through the different stages. Please apply here at Telenor Digital.

  • Data Engineers. You know Java, and possibly Clojure or Scala, are effective in a Linux terminal (shell scripting, configuration files, etc.), have experience with some SQL database, preferably PostgreSQL, have experience with Apache Kafka, Apache Spark, Elasticsearch. You enjoy automating things and building systems. Machine learning experience is considered a plus, and Continuous Integration + delivery is important to you, and writing tests a given. You are humble and passionate; you like to listen and can understand the viewpoints of others and strive to be a good dialog partner, but you can focus on delivery once a direction is decided. Please apply here at Telenor Digital.

  • Software Engineers, Analytics. You've got strong front-end developer skills: HTML, CSS, and Javascript, with knowledge of D3.js or other charting libraries - Clojurescript is a plus; have worked with various programming languages, like Java, Clojure, or Python; have experience with SQL (PostgreSQL). You have experience with Cloud Computing, especially with AWS, a deep foundation in computer science; data structures, algorithms and programming languages, as well as networking and concurrency; exposure to architectural patterns of a large, high-scale web applications; experience with shell scripting, configuration files, etc. and enjoy automating things and building systems. Please apply here at Telenor Digital.

  • Software Engineer (DevOps). You are one of those rare engineers who loves to tinker with distributed systems at high scale. You know how to build these from scratch, and how to take a system that has reached a scalability limit and break through that barrier to new heights. You are a hands on doer, a code doctor, who loves to get something done the right way. You love designing clean APIs, data models, code structures and system architectures, but retain the humility to learn from others who see things differently. Apply to AppDynamics

  • Software Engineer (C++). You will be responsible for building everything from proof-of-concepts and usability prototypes to deployment- quality code. You should have at least 1+ years of experience developing C++ libraries and APIs, and be comfortable with daily code submissions, delivering projects in short time frames, multi-tasking, handling interrupts, and collaborating with team members. Apply to AppDynamics
Fun and Informative Events
  • Discover the secrets of scalability in IT. The cream of the Amsterdam and Berlin tech scene are coming together during TechSummit, hosted by LeaseWeb for a great day of tech talk. Find out how to build systems that will cope with constant change and create agile, successful businesses. Speakers from SoundCloud, Fugue, Google, Docker and other leading tech companies will share tips, techniques and the latest trends in a day of interactive presentations. But hurry. Tickets are limited and going fast! No wonder, since they are only €25 including lunch and beer.

  • NoSQL Databases & Docker Containers: From Development to Deployment. What is Docker and why is it important to Developers, Admins and DevOps when they are using a NoSQL database? Find out in this on-demand webinar by Alvin Richards, VP of Product at Aerospike, the enterprise-grade NoSQL database. The video includes a demo showcasing the core Docker components (Machine, Engine, Swarm and Compose) and integration with Aerospike. See how much simpler Docker can make building and deploying multi-node, Aerospike-based applications! 
Cool Products and Services
  • Kinsta provides high speed, automatically scalable managed WordPress hosting services for businesses large and small. All servers run on Google Cloud and all individual sites are completely compartmentalized using the latest LXD technology. All sites include powerful SSH access and tools like Git and WP-CLI are available out-of-the-box.

  • Turn chaotic logs and metrics into actionable data. Scalyr is a tool your entire team will love. Get visibility into your production issues without juggling multiple tools and tabs. Loved and used by teams at Codecademy, ReturnPath, and InsideSales. Learn more today or see why Scalyr is a great alternative to Splunk.

  • InMemory.Net provides a Dot Net native in memory database for analysing large amounts of data. It runs natively on .Net, and provides a native .Net, COM & ODBC apis for integration. It also has an easy to use language for importing data, and supports standard SQL for querying data. http://InMemory.Net

  • VividCortex measures your database servers’ work (queries), not just global counters. If you’re not monitoring query performance at a deep level, you’re missing opportunities to boost availability, turbocharge performance, ship better code faster, and ultimately delight more customers. VividCortex is a next-generation SaaS platform that helps you find and eliminate database performance problems at scale.

  • MemSQL provides a distributed in-memory database for high value data. It's designed to handle extreme data ingest and store the data for real-time, streaming and historical analysis using SQL. MemSQL also cost effectively supports both application and ad-hoc queries concurrently across all data. Start a free 30 day trial here: http://www.memsql.com/

  • aiScaler, aiProtect, aiMobile Application Delivery Controller with integrated Dynamic Site Acceleration, Denial of Service Protection and Mobile Content Management. Also available on Amazon Web Services. Free instant trial, 2 hours of FREE deployment support, no sign-up required. http://aiscaler.com

  • ManageEngine Applications Manager : Monitor physical, virtual and Cloud Applications.

  • www.site24x7.com : Monitor End User Experience from a global monitoring network.

If any of these items interest you there's a full description of each sponsor below...

Categories: High Scalability

Performance and Scaling in Enterprise Systems

High Scalability - Wed, 2016-05-11 15:56

This is a guest post from Vlad Mihalcea the author of the High-Performance Java Persistence book, on the notion of performance and scalability in enterprise systems.

An enterprise application needs to store and retrieve as much data and as fast as possible. In application performance management, the two most important metrics are response time and throughput.

The lower the response time, the more responsive an application becomes. Response time is, therefore, the measure of performance. Scaling is about maintaining low response times while increasing system load, so throughput is the measure of scalability.

Response time and throughput
Categories: High Scalability

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For May 6th, 2016

High Scalability - Fri, 2016-05-06 15:56

Hey, it's HighScalability time:


Who wants in on the over? We are not alone if the probability a habitable zone planet develops a technological species is larger than 10-24.

 

If you like this sort of Stuff then please support me on Patreon.
  • 100,000+: bare metal servers run by Twitter; 10 billion: Snapchat videos delivered daily; $2.57 billion: AWS fourth quarter revenues; 40 light years: potentially habitable planets; 1700: seed banks around the world; 560x: throughput after SSD optimization; 12: data science algorithms; $2.8 billion: new value of Pivotal’s Cloud Foundry;  

  • Quotable Quotes:
    • @skap5: Pied Piper's product is its stock and anything that makes its price go up! #SiliconValley
    • Seth Godin: It pays to have big dreams but low overhead. 
    • Craig Venter~ Our knowledge of the genome hasn't changed a lot since 2003, but it's about to start changing rapidly. One of the key things for understanding the genome is to get very large numbers of genomes so we can understand out of the 6.2 billion or so letters of genetic code the less than 3% that we have different amongst the entire human population. We need very large data sets to understand the differences and significances. That's where the cost and speed of sequencing has had such an immediate impact. 
    • @elonmusk: Rocket reentry is a lot faster and hotter than last time, so odds of making it are maybe even, but we should learn a lot either way
    • @EconBizFin: The space race was once between capitalism and communism. Now it's individual capitalists
    • Grit: substitute nuance for novelty. Rather than constantly moving on to a new thrill try to find another dimension of the thing you are already doing to make it more thrilling. 
    • David Rosenthal: Overall the message is: Storage Will Be Much Less Free Than It Used To Be
    • StorageMojo: The losers are the systems that make customers pay for features they no longer need. Winners will successfully blend ease of use with performance and availability – at a competitive price.
    • Tim Harford: These distractions were actually grists to their creative mill. They were able to think outside the box because their box was full of holes.
    • Juan Enriquez~ Plastics was the wrong advice to Dustin Hoffman in The Graduate. The word should have been silicon. In 2015 the word is lifecode, the various means we have to program life.
    • Benjamin Treynor Sloss: If you've ever wondered about how run reliable services, this beautifully written intro from the SRE book is the best 5-minute guide on the topic.
    • cs702: Without AWS, Amazon would have reported losses! 
    • Kode Vicious: A single cache miss is more expensive than many instructions.
    • @aminggs: “your database… unlikely to provide serializability, your multi-core processor… unlikely to provide linearizability” 
    • @mrogati: A decade in academia taught me a bunch of sophisticated algorithms; a decade in industry taught me when not to use them.
    • @mjpt777: Hardware tries so hard to make software fast; software tries so hard to make hardware slow.
    • @jyarow: Echo sold 3 million units. Gets stories that it’s next great business for Amazon. Apple Watch sold 12 million units, gets panned as a flop.
    • @balajis: 5/ At that time, the highest truth comes not from faith in god or trust in the state, but from the ability to check the math of the network.
    • Benedict Evans: The smartphone install base does have a lot of room to grow, but that's a function of replacement at close to existing volumes, and even that will be largely done in a few more years. Hence: smartphone sales growth is slowing down. 
    • @giupan: Colocated teams where Devs are sitting together with Product and UX outperform distributed teams. Don't split up skills @cagan #craftconf
    • Mathias Bynens: To me, this stuff is extremely interesting on a technical level. It’s also a little scary, however, to realize that malicious actors can use these techniques to invade your privacy while you’re browsing the web, without you ever knowing.
    • Le Corbusier: yes, the Parthenon is perhaps the most beautiful instance, the perfect example of a particular standard of architecture. The Parthenon may have achieved the platonic ideal of the standard of architecture we’ve previously established. But there are many possible standards to acknowledge, each dependent on need and use, and standards are established by experiment.
    • PaulHoule: Atom chips have always been crippled to keep them from cannibalizing more expensive chips. Skylake is a fine tablet chip, in fact, that's really what Skylake is good for. They are probably producing them in high enough numbers now that they can give up on Atom
    • Chau Tu: CyArk wants to preserve our world’s important cultural heritage sites before they turn to dust...with new imaging technologies to steadily build a digital archive of the past, for the future. 
    • Neill Turner: Over time i think OpenStack will be a niche product for large corporates that don’t want to use public clouds. For everyone else they with be doing hybrid IT – that is extending their existing IT infrastructure into the Public Cloud. When they see what is left to run to run outside public clouds then they can see where to take that portion of the workloads.

  • What if going to Mars is how we fix our economy? Trump: Before going to Mars, America needs to fix its economy. A problem can't be solved at the same level it was created. Someone smart said that once. Isn't expanding the economy in to space the only way we'll be able to generate the constant growth a modern economy so desperately devowers? Walls don't lift boats.

  • Is it dystopian to hire real meat people to train your AI? Interesting question posed by John Robb in a tweet: "they were there not to work, but to serve as training modules for Facebook’s algorithm" Journos at Fbook

  • Peter Bailis offers in a heartfelt visionary article four pieces of advice to get the database community out of its identity crisis: 1) Kill the reference architecture and rethink our conception of “database.” 2) Solve new, emerging, real problems outside traditional relational database systems. 3) Use data-intensive tools, both the tools that you’re building and the tools that others have built. 4) Do bold, weird, and hard projects and actually follow through. Examples in action: Peter Alvaro’s work on Molly and Lineage-Driven Fault Injection; Chris Ré’s work on DeepDive; A recent project I wish the database community had done is TensorFlow at Google. 

Don't miss all that the Internet has to say on Scalability, click below and become eventually consistent with all scalability knowledge (which means this post has many more items to read so please keep on reading)...

Categories: High Scalability

Gone Fishin'

High Scalability - Mon, 2016-05-02 15:56

Well, not exactly Fishin', but I'll be on a month long vacation starting today. I won't be posting (much) new content, so we'll all have a break. Disappointing, I know. Please use this time for quiet contemplation and other inappropriate activities. See you on down the road...

Categories: High Scalability

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For April 29th, 2016

High Scalability - Fri, 2016-04-29 15:56

Hey, it's HighScalability time:


The Universe in one image (Pablo Budassi). Imagine an ancient being leaning over, desperately scrying to figure out what they have wrought.

 

If you like this sort of Stuff then please consider offering your support on Patreon.
  • 50 minutes: Facebook daily average use; 1.65 billion: Facebook Monthly active users; 25PB: size of Internet archive; 7 years: speedup of encryption adoption from the Snowden revelations; 10 million: strands of DNA Microsoft is buying to store data; 300TB: open data from CERN; 2PB: data from PanSTARRS' imaging survey; 100 billion: words translated by Google per day; 204 million: Weather Channel views in March on Facebook; 

  • Quotable Quotes:
    • @antevens: -> Describe your perfect date. ......<- YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.XXXXXX
    • @ValaAfshar: 1995: top 15 Internet companies worth $17 billion. 2015: top 15 Internet companies worth $2.4 trillion.
    • @BenedictEvans: The move to mobile took away Facebook's monopoly of social, but gave it much greater scale, engagement & revenue potential.
    • Sundar Pichai: We will move from mobile first to an AI first world.
    • Chris Sacca~ We [Google] literally could feel a scale that had never been felt before on the planet. We had a globe where you could visualize in searches in real-time. A dot would indicate every single search on the planet. In the middle of the night there would be a search in the Gobi desert.
    • @stack72: Just had a recruiter contact me about a role with "microservices on a servers architecture” - twice I’ve seen that now in 2 days #TheFuture?
    • Jason Waxman [Intel]: We see that the world is moving to scale computing in data centers. Our projection is between 70 and 80 percent of the compute, network, and storage will be going into what we call scale data centers by 2025.
    • @BenedictEvans: In 2009 only half of Facebook's MAUs were on it every day. Mobile has taken that to 2/3, at much greater scale.
    • Dan Rayburn: Amazon and Google Enticing Customers With Cheap Storage, But Beware Of Egress Charges
    • @manumarchal: CERN LHC computing challenge is more than 400k CPUs + 300PB of data. It's is also global distribution. #dotScale
    • @bridgetkromhout: Decouple and segregate systems requiring different trust levels for faster iteration. @adrianco #craftconf
    • @dkalintsev: GE on stage at AWS Summit: “50% TCO saving compared to best what we could do in-house”
    • @etherealmind: How messed up was GE management to let their costs get this out of control ?
    • @Ellen_Friedman: #dotscale Oliver Keeble CERN - superb: computing is key. Collisions are transient; data is persisted at huge scale
    • @stratecheryAggregation Theory leads to monopoly; expect more antitrust cases, but only in Europe
    • @kelseyhightower: Moving to microservices won't save you. Borrowing money in smaller chunks doesn't change the fact that you're broke.
    • @jrauser: 1/ Inspired by this HN comment …, I offer a story about software rewrites and Bezos as a technical leader.
    • aytekin: This is a story that has happened over and over again. When you rewrite software, you lose all those hundreds of tiny things which were added for really good reasons. Don't do it blindly.
    • @BWJones: The F-35 program, which at $1.5 T would fund the entire NIH biomedical research portfolio for 41 years.
    • @balinski: "Centralization is a disease" #dotScale #scalability #cloudcomputing
    • Tony Bain: So despite the noise surrounding NoSQL, in a head to head comparison of volume of use, NoSQL use seems so very small.  At a guess, I would predict that for every NoSQL database in existence there would be at least 1000 relational databases.  Probably more.  You would be forgiven for thinking NoSQL use was almost insignificant. 
    • @jaksprats: NVM is gonna put big data on a single machine, very interesting for non-BulkSynchronousParallel GraphDBs like Neo4j
    • @frontofstore: US department stores' sales per sq ft down 26% in last ten years - many closures forecast, anchors killing malls.
    • There are even more Quotable Quotes in the full article. See you there.

  • If you thought HyperCard was a trip you were correct. Bill Atkinson in a fascinating two part Triangulation interview (12) shared that HyperCard was inspired by a LSD trip. It's a far ranging interview that covers Steve Jobs, why the movies about Jobs sucked, Apple's early days, the web's HyperCard inspiration, photography, spirituality, color theory, philosophy, learning, and lots more.

  • In case you were wondering (I certainly was): Pied Piper compression (Silicon Valley HBO). This is the Pied Piper code shown on Silicon Valley HBO Season 3 Episode 1. Worth a deca-unicorn or two.

  • Design Details has a fun podcast with Facebookers talking about Facebook bots and the Facebook design process in general. 124: Dazzle (feat. Jeremy Goldberg). Are bots useful? (yes, but not a convincing argument). Do we have to be nice to bots? (to a point because you never know who if you are talking to a person). Bots aren't all automated, they can be a combination of automated and human interactions. Bots should use strategies to help convince people they are talking with another human, like playing with typing indicator delays to simulate typing. Same for simulating reading. Animation and delays should speed up over time. Regressive design, the idea that over time parts of the UI remove themselves as users use the application more. Fight for designs you believe in. Understand, identify, execute. Truly understand what you are doing at a deep level. Identify the things you can be the most impactful on. Facebook measures you on impact. Lots of talk about design crits and pillars and pillar centered design crits. We often think of ourselves as problem solvers, our job isn't so much problem solving as communicating proposed solutions to problems. 

Don't miss all that the Internet has to say on Scalability, click below and become eventually consistent with all scalability knowledge (which means this post has many more items to read so please keep on reading)...

Categories: High Scalability

How Walmart Canada’s responsive redesign boosted conversions by 20%: a case Study

High Scalability - Thu, 2016-04-28 15:56

With conversion optimization on the rise, it is a great idea to look into case studies which help you learn and adopt them to your personal needs positively. To find the material on conversion optimization you need from case studies, here are some few pointers:

  • Find out which case studies reflect your situation currently in business and your future aspirations.
  • Find out why a certain aspect of a case study worked and how to adopt it to specifically address your website’s needs.
  • Ensure you keep the references of your case study in order to go back to them when you need them.
Find out which case studies reflect your situation currently in business and your future aspirations. Find out why a certain aspect of a case study worked and how to adopt it to specifically address your website’s needs. Ensure you keep the references of your case study in order to go back to them when you need them.

Find out which case studies reflect your situation currently in business and your future aspirations.Find out why a certain aspect of a case study worked and how to adopt it to specifically address your website’s needs.Ensure you keep the references of your case study in order to go back to them when you need them.

Receptive web design is time consuming and requires monetary resources to implement. It took Walmart Canada almost a year of work to refine the site and make it fully responsive. However, their results show that it provided a Return on Investment in months owing to the increased revenue of mobile gadgets.

Research

Categories: High Scalability

The Platform Advantage of Amazon, Facebook, and Google

High Scalability - Wed, 2016-04-27 15:56

Where’s the mag­ic? [Amazon] The databas­ing and stream­ing and sync­ing in­fras­truc­ture we build on is pret­ty slick, but that’s not the se­cret. The man­age­ment tools are nifty, too; but that’s not it ei­ther. It’s the trib­al knowl­edge: How to build Cloud in­fras­truc­ture that works in a fal­li­ble, messy, un­sta­ble world.

Tim Bray, Senior Principal Engineer at Amazon, in Cloud Eventing

Ben Thompson makes the case in Apple's Organizational Crossroads and in a recent episode of Exponent that Apple has a services problem. With the reaching of peak iPhone Apple naturally wants to turn to services as a way to expand revenues. The problem is Apple has a mixed history of delivering services at scale and Ben suggests that the strength of Apple, its functional organization, is a weakness when it comes to making services. The same skill set you need to create great devices is not the same skill set you need to create great services. He suggests: “Apple’s services need to be separated from the devices that are core to the company, and the managers of those services need to be held accountable via dollars and cents.”

If Apple has this problem they are not the only ones. Only a few companies seemed to have cross the chasm of learning how to deliver a stream of new features at a worldwide scale: Amazon, Facebook, and Google. And of these Amazon is the clear winner.

This is the Amazon Web Services console, it shows the amazing number of services Amazon produces, and it doesn’t even include whole new platforms like the Echo:

Categories: High Scalability

Sponsored Post: Aerospike, TrueSight Pulse, Redis Labs, InMemory.Net, VividCortex, MemSQL, Scalyr, AiScaler, AppDynamics, ManageEngine, Site24x7

High Scalability - Tue, 2016-04-26 15:56

Who's Hiring?
  • Software Engineer (DevOps). You are one of those rare engineers who loves to tinker with distributed systems at high scale. You know how to build these from scratch, and how to take a system that has reached a scalability limit and break through that barrier to new heights. You are a hands on doer, a code doctor, who loves to get something done the right way. You love designing clean APIs, data models, code structures and system architectures, but retain the humility to learn from others who see things differently. Apply to AppDynamics

  • Software Engineer (C++). You will be responsible for building everything from proof-of-concepts and usability prototypes to deployment- quality code. You should have at least 1+ years of experience developing C++ libraries and APIs, and be comfortable with daily code submissions, delivering projects in short time frames, multi-tasking, handling interrupts, and collaborating with team members. Apply to AppDynamics
Fun and Informative Events
  • Discover the secrets of scalability in IT. The cream of the Amsterdam and Berlin tech scene are coming together during TechSummit, hosted by LeaseWeb for a great day of tech talk. Find out how to build systems that will cope with constant change and create agile, successful businesses. Speakers from SoundCloud, Fugue, Google, Docker and other leading tech companies will share tips, techniques and the latest trends in a day of interactive presentations. But hurry. Tickets are limited and going fast! No wonder, since they are only €25 including lunch and beer.

  • How can your business stand out from the crowd? Bringing to market an innovative differentiation – without too many technical challenges – can be the key. The most forward-looking organizations are coding business logic using the fastest, most agile and scalable technologies available today. In a webinar on May 11 entitled “Exposing Differentiation: A New Era of Scalable Infrastructure Arrives”, Data Scientist Dez Blanchfield and Chief Analyst Dr. Robin Bloor will explain how a nexus of innovations has transformed what’s possible. They’ll be briefed by Brian Bulkowski, CTO and Co-Founder of Aerospike (the high-performance NoSQL database), who will discuss how leading companies are changing their infrastructure to meet the new demands of customized digital experiences, fraud prevention, risk analysis, and other application and data uses. Sign up here to reserve your seat!
Cool Products and Services
  • TrueSight Pulse is SaaS IT performance monitoring with one-second resolution, visualization and alerting. Monitor on-prem, cloud, VMs and containers with custom dashboards and alert on any metric. Start your free trial with no code or credit card.

  • Turn chaotic logs and metrics into actionable data. Scalyr is a tool your entire team will love. Get visibility into your production issues without juggling multiple tools and tabs. Loved and used by teams at Codecademy, ReturnPath, and InsideSales. Learn more today or see why Scalyr is a great alternative to Splunk.

  • InMemory.Net provides a Dot Net native in memory database for analysing large amounts of data. It runs natively on .Net, and provides a native .Net, COM & ODBC apis for integration. It also has an easy to use language for importing data, and supports standard SQL for querying data. http://InMemory.Net

  • VividCortex measures your database servers’ work (queries), not just global counters. If you’re not monitoring query performance at a deep level, you’re missing opportunities to boost availability, turbocharge performance, ship better code faster, and ultimately delight more customers. VividCortex is a next-generation SaaS platform that helps you find and eliminate database performance problems at scale.

  • MemSQL provides a distributed in-memory database for high value data. It's designed to handle extreme data ingest and store the data for real-time, streaming and historical analysis using SQL. MemSQL also cost effectively supports both application and ad-hoc queries concurrently across all data. Start a free 30 day trial here: http://www.memsql.com/

  • aiScaler, aiProtect, aiMobile Application Delivery Controller with integrated Dynamic Site Acceleration, Denial of Service Protection and Mobile Content Management. Also available on Amazon Web Services. Free instant trial, 2 hours of FREE deployment support, no sign-up required. http://aiscaler.com

  • ManageEngine Applications Manager : Monitor physical, virtual and Cloud Applications.

  • www.site24x7.com : Monitor End User Experience from a global monitoring network.

If any of these items interest you there's a full description of each sponsor below...

Categories: High Scalability

The Joy of Deploying Apache Storm on Docker Swarm

High Scalability - Mon, 2016-04-25 15:56

This is a guest repost from Baqend Tech on deploying and redeploying an Apache Storm cluster on top of Docker Swarm instead of deploying on VMs. It's an interesting topic because of the experience Wolfram Wingerath called it "a real joy", which is not a phrase you hear often in tech. Curious, I asked what made using containers such a good experience over using VMs? Here's his reply:

Being pretty new to Docker and Docker Swarm, I'm sure there are many good and bad sides I am not aware of, yet. From my point of view, however, the thing that makes deployment (and operation in general) on top of Docker way more fun than on VMs or even on bare metal is that Docker abstracts from heterogeneity and many issues. Once you have Docker running, you can start something like a MongoDB or a Redis server with a single-line statement. If you have a Docker Swarm cluster, you can do the same, but Docker takes care of distributing the thing you just started to some server in your cluster. Docker even takes care of downloading the correct image in case you don't have it on your machine right now. You also don't have to fight as much with connectivity issues, because every machine can reach every other machine as long as they are in the same Docker network. As demonstrated in the tutorial, this even goes for distributed setups, as long as you have an _overlay_ network.

 

When I wrote the lines you were quoting in your email, I had a situation in the back of my head that had occurred a few months back when I had to set up and operate an Apache Storm cluster with 16+ nodes. There were several issues such as my inexperience with AWS (coming from OpenStack) and strange connectivity problems relating to Netty (used by Storm) and AWS hostname resolution that had not occurred in my OpenStack setup and eventually cost us several days and several hundred bucks to fix. I really think that you can shield from problems like that by using Docker, simply because your environment remains the same: Docker.

On to the tutorial...
Categories: High Scalability

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For April 22nd, 2016

High Scalability - Fri, 2016-04-22 15:56

Hey, it's HighScalability time:


A perfect 10. Really stuck that landing. Nadia Comaneci approves.

 

If you like this sort of Stuff then please consider offering your support on Patreon.
  • $1B: Supercell’s Clash Royale projected annual haul; 3x: Messenger and WhatsApp send more messages than SMS; 20%: of big companies pay zero corporate taxes; Tens of TB's RAM: Netflix's Container Runtime; 1 Million: People use Facebook over Tor; $10.0 billion: Microsoft raining money in the cloud; 

  • Quotable Quotes:
    • @nehanarkhede: @LinkedIn's use of @apachekafka:1.4 trillion msg/day, 1400 brokers. Powers database replication, change capture etc
    • @kenkeiter~ Full-duplex on a *single antenna* -- this is huge.  (single chip, too -- that's the other huge part, obviously) 
    • John Langford: In the next few years, I expect machine learning to solve no important world issues.
    • Dan Rayburn: By My Estimate, Apple’s Internal CDN Now Delivers 75% Of Their Own Content
    • @BenedictEvans: If Google sees the device as dumb glass, Apple sees the cloud as dumb pipes & dumb storage. Both views could lead to weakness
    • @JordanRinke: We need less hackathons, more apprenticeships. Less bootcamps, more classes. Less rockstars, more mentors. Develop people instead of product
    • @alicegoldfuss: Nagios screaming / Data center ablaze? No / Cable was unplugged
    • Mark Bates: As I was working on the software part time, I was keen to minimise the [cognitive] scope required when making changes. A RoR monolith was the best choice in this case.
    • Google: Our tests have shown that AMP documents load an average of four times faster and use 10 times less data than the equivalent non-amp’ed result.
    • @stevesi: In earning's call @sundarpichai says going “from mobile-first to AI-first world" emphasizing AI and machine learning across services.
    • Rex Sorgatz: Unfortunately, the entire thesis of my story is that having the history of recorded music in your pocket dictates that you will develop tastes outside “the usual.”
    • Newzoo: Clash Royale has rocketed to such quick success because of its strong core gameplay elements combined with some serious pressure to spend real money to keep up with your friends
    • vgt:  I'm going to plug Google Cloud's Preemptible VMs as a simpler alternative to Spot Instances: - Preemptible VMs are sold at a fixed 70% off discount, removing pricing volatility entirely
    • @mfdii~ "Cloud Native" is code words for "rewrite the entire f*cking app"
    • There are so many great Quotable Quotes this week they wouldn't all fit in the summary. Please see the full post to read them all.

  • Imperfection as a strategy. Why a Chip That’s Bad at Math Can Help Computers Tackle Harder Problems: In a simulated test using software that tracks objects such as cars in video, Singular’s approach [computer chips are hardwired to be incapable of performing mathematical calculations correctly] was  capable of processing frames almost 100 times faster than a conventional processor restricted to doing correct math—while using less than 2 percent as much power.

  • You have to fight magic with magic, super-villains with super-heroes, and algorithms with algorithms. How I Investigated Uber Surge Pricing in D.C. Also, Investigating the algorithms that govern our lives.

  • Mitchell Hashimoto in The Cloudcast #246  on some cloud trends. Seeing a lot of interest in non-Amazon clouds right now. A lot of interest in Azure is coming from more boring successful companies, not hot Silicon Valley startups.  This is not a clean market segmentation, but there are three flavors of cloud: Google Compute for the green field startup crowd, Amazon for enterprise, and Azure for super-enterprise. One enterprise attractor for Azure is Azure Stack, an on-premises solution. Mitchell is seeing a broad adoption of the cloud across industries you may not expect to be using the cloud. Also seeing a transition to a multi-cloud strategy to create pricing leverage. The idea seems to be to rehearse and plan to move to another cloud, though they may not actually do it, but when pricing negotiations come up there's a lot of leverage saying you can move to a completely different platform. The cloud is not so much a pay as you go model for this use case, it's more about trying to lock-in long term cost savings. International companies are interested in price, but also what features are available in different regions and when they become available.

Don't miss all that the Internet has to say on Scalability, click below and become eventually consistent with all scalability knowledge (which means this post has many more items to read so please keep on reading)...

Categories: High Scalability

How Twitter Handles 3,000 Images Per Second

High Scalability - Wed, 2016-04-20 15:56

Today Twitter is creating and persisting 3,000 (200 GB) images per second. Even better, in 2015 Twitter was able to save $6 million due to improved media storage policies.

It was not always so. Twitter in 2012 was primarily text based. A Hogwarts without all the cool moving pictures hanging on the wall. It’s now 2016 and Twitter has moved into to a media rich future. Twitter has made the transition through the development of a new Media Platform capable of supporting photos with previews, multi-photos, gifs, vines, and inline video.

Henna Kermani, a Software Development Engineer at Twitter, tells the story of the Media Platform in an interesting talk she gave at Mobile @Scale London: 3,000 images per second. The talk focuses primarily on the image pipeline, but she says most of the details also apply to the other forms of media as well.

Some of the most interesting lessons from the talk:

  • Doing the simplest thing that can possibly work can really screw you. The simple method of uploading a tweet with an image as an all or nothing operation was a form of lock-in. It didn’t scale well, especially on poor networks, which made it difficult for Twitter to add new features.

  • Decouple. By decoupling media upload from tweeting Twitter was able independently optimize each pathway and gain a lot of operational flexibility. 

  • Move handles not blobs. Don’t move big chunks of data through your system. It eats bandwidth and causes performance problems for every service that has to touch the data. Instead, store the data and refer to it with a handle.

  • Moving to segmented resumable uploads resulted in big decreases in media upload failure rates.

  • Experiment and research. Twitter found through research that a 20 day TTL (time to live) on image variants (thumbnails, small, large, etc) was a sweet spot, a good balance between storage and computation. Images had a low probability of being accessed after 20 days so they could be deleted, which saves nearly 4TB of data storage per day, almost halves the number of compute servers needed, and saves millions of dollars a year.

  • On demand. Old image variants could be deleted because they could be recreated on the fly rather than precomputed. Performing services on demand increases flexibility, it lets you be lot smarter about how tasks are performed, and gives a central point of control.

  • Progressive JPEG is a real winner as a standard image format. It has great frontend and backend support and performs very well on slower networks.

Lots of good things happened on Twitter’s journey to a media rich future, let’s learn how they did it...

The Old Way - Twitter in 2012
Categories: High Scalability

Hadoop and Salesforce Integration: the Ultimate Successful Database Merger

High Scalability - Mon, 2016-04-18 15:56

How we can transfer salesforce data to hadoop? It is big challenge to everyday users. What are different features of data transfer tools.

Categories: High Scalability

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For April 15th, 2016

High Scalability - Fri, 2016-04-15 15:56

Hey, it's HighScalability time:


What happens when Beyoncé meets eCommerce? Ring the alarm.

 

If you like this sort of Stuff then please consider offering your support on Patreon.
  • $14 billion: one day of purchases on Alibaba; 47 megawatts: Microsoft's new data center space for its MegaCloud; 50%: do not speak English on Facebook; 70-80%: of all Intel servers shipped will be deployed in large scale datacenters by 2025; 1024 TB: of storage for 3D imagery currently in Google Earth; $7: WeChat average revenue per user; 1 trillion: new trees; 

  • Quotable Quotes:
    • @PicardTips: Picard management tip: Know your audience. Display strength to Klingons, logic to Vulcans, and opportunity to Ferengi.
    • Mark Burgess: Microservices cannot be a panacea. What we see clearly from cities is that they can be semantically valuable, but they can be economically expensive, scaling with superlinear cost. 
    • ethanpil: I'm crying. Remember when messaging was built on open platforms and standards like XMPP and IRC? The golden year(s?) when Google Talk worked with AIM and anyone could choose whatever client they preferred?
    • @acmurthy: @raghurwi from @Microsoft talking about scaling Hadoop YARN to 100K+ clusters. Yes, 100,000 
    • @ryanbigg: Took a Rails view rendering time from ~300ms to 50ms. Rewrote it in Elixir: it’s now 6-7ms. #MyElixirStatus
    • Dmitriy Samovskiy: In the past, our [Operations] primary purpose in life was to build and babysit production. Today operations teams focus on scale.
    • @Agandrau: Sir Tim Berners-Lee thinks that if we can predict what the internet will look like in 20 years, than we are not creative enough. #www2016
    • @EconBizFin: Apple and Tesla are today’s most talked-about companies, and the most vertically integrated
    • Kevin Fishner: Nomad was able to schedule one million containers across 5,000 hosts in Google Cloud in under five minutes.
    • David Rosenthal: The Web we have is a huge success disaster. Whatever replaces it will be at least as big a success disaster. Lets not have the causes of the disaster be things we knew about all along.
    • Kurt Marko: The days of homogeneous server farms with racks and racks of largely identical systems are over.
    • Jonathan Eisen: This is humbling, we know virtually nothing right now about the biology of most of the tree of life.
    • @adrianco: Google has a global network IP model (more convenient), AWS regional (more resilient). Choices...
    • @jason_kint: Stupid scary stats in this. Ad tech responsible for 70% of server calls and 50% of your mobile data plan.
    • apy: I found myself agreeing with many of Pike’s statements but then not understanding how he wound up at Go. 
    • @TomBirtwhistle: The head of Apple Music claims YouTube accounts for 40% of music consumption yet only 4% of online industry revenue 
    • @0x604: Immutable Laws of Software: Anyone slower than you is over-engineering, anyone faster is introducing technical debt
    • surrealvortex: I'm currently using flame graphs at work. If your application hasn't been profiled recently, you'll usually get lots of improvement for very little effort. Some 15 minutes of work improved CPU usage of my team's biggest fleet by ~40%. Considering we scaled up to 1500 c3.4xlarge hosts at peak in NA alone on that fleet, those 15 minutes kinda made my month :)
    • @cleverdevil: Did you know that Virtual Machines spin up in the opposite direction in the southern hemisphere? Little known fact.
    • ksec: Yes, and I think Intel is not certain to win, just much more likely. The Power9 is here is targeting 2H 2017 release. Which is actually up against Intel Skylake/Kabylake Xeon Purley Platform in similar timeframe.
    • @jon_moore: Platforms make promises; constraints are the contracts that allow platforms to do their jobs. #oreillysacon
    • @CBILIEN: Scaling data platforms:compute and storage have to be scaled independently #HS16Dublin

  • A morning reverie. Chopped for programmers. Call it Crashed. You have three rounds with four competitors. Each round is an hour. The competitors must create a certain kind of program, say a game, or a productivity tool, anything really, using a basket of three selected technologies, say Google Cloud, wit.ai, and Twilio. Plus the programmer can choose to use any other technologies from the pantry that is the Internet. The program can take any form the programmer chooses. It could be a web app, iOS or Android app, an Alexa skill, a Slack bot, anything, it's up to the creativity of the programmer. The program is judged by an esteemed panel based on creativity, quality, and how well the basket technologies are highlighted. When a programmer loses a round they have been Crashed. The winner becomes the Crashed Champion. Sound fun?

  • Jeff Dean when talking about deep learning at Google makes it clear a big part of their secret sauce is being able to train neural nets at scale using their bespoke distributed infrastructure. Now Google has released Tensor Flow with distributed computing support. It's not clear if this is the same infrastructure Google uses internally, but it seems to work: using the distributed trainer, we trained the Inception network to 78% accuracy in less than 65 hours using 100 GPUs. Also, the tensorflow playground is a cool way to visualize what's going on inside.

  • Christopher Meiklejohn with an interesting history of the Remote Procedure Call. It started way back in 1974: RFC 674, “Procedure Call Protocol Documents, Version 2”. RFC 674 attempts to define a general way to share resources across all 70 nodes of the Internet

Don't miss all that the Internet has to say on Scalability, click below and become eventually consistent with all scalability knowledge (which means this post has many more items to read so please keep on reading)...

Categories: High Scalability

10 Stack Benchmarking DOs and DON'Ts

High Scalability - Wed, 2016-04-13 15:56

An interesting question came up on the mechanical-sympathy list about how to best benchmark a stack of different queue (aeron/argona, jctools, dpdk, pony) and transport (aeron, dpdk, seastar) options.

Who better to answer than Gil Tene, Vice President of Technology and CTO, Co-Founder, of Azul Systems? Here's his usual insightful and helpful response:

If you are looking at the set of "stacks" (all of which are queues/transports), I would strongly encourage you to avoid repeating the mistakes of testing methodologies that focus entirely on max achievable throughput and then report some (usually bogus) latency stats at those max throughout modes.

The tech empower numbers are a classic example of this in play, and while they do provide some basis for comparing a small aspect of behavior (what I call the "how fast can this thing drive off a cliff" comparison, or "peddle to the metal" testing), those results are not very useful for comparing load carrying capacities for anything that actually needs to maintain some form of responsiveness SLA or latency spectrum requirements.

Rules of thumb I'd start with (some simple DOs and DON'Ts):
Categories: High Scalability

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High Scalability - Tue, 2016-04-12 15:57

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If any of these items interest you there's a full description of each sponsor below...

Categories: High Scalability

The Gig Economy Breaks Social Security

High Scalability - Tue, 2016-04-12 15:56

With the tax deadline looming in the US and the future of the gig economy as the engine of scaling startup workforces under fire, there's an important point to consider: In the gig economy the entire social contract is kaput. Here's why.

Everyone who works in the US pays into the Social Security system. The whole idea of Social Security is young people pay in and old people take out.

When you are an employee Social Security taxes are taken directly out of your paycheck. You don't even have to think about it.

When you work in the gig economy you get a 1099-MISC at the end of the year. A 1099 reports payments made by the hiring company during the year and it's sent by the hiring company both to the worker and the IRS.

It's up to the worker to identify their income on their tax return as self employment income, which is subject to a Social Security tax of 15.3%. Most gig workers probably won't declare this income because a lot of them don't even know they are supposed to. My wife, Linda Coleman, a respected Enrolled Agent, says from people she has talked to a lot of gig workers haven't even heard self employment tax. And there's only an ever decreasing budget for the IRS to try to enforce all the rules.

And even if a gig worker does know about the tax they might ask themselves why should should I pay 15.3% on my income when I'm making so little money and the company is capturing almost all the benefit?

The problem: if gig workers aren't contributing how is Social Security supposed to work? Gig workers simply won't have Social Security when they retire.

The way Social Security works is all your wages and self employment income are tracked by the Social Security Administration. If you aren't contributing then you aren't earning credits towards your account. And if you aren't earning credits you won't get much in the way of benefits. Social Security works like a big checking account. The amount you can take out is based on how much you put in (or close enough). If you aren't putting any money you can't take it out later. 

The whole big picture is not being communicated well to the public. Who is benefiting? It's not the worker. It's not the government. It's not even the shareholders because no dividends are being paid.

In the gig economy the entire social contract is kaput.

Categories: High Scalability

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For April 8th, 2016

High Scalability - Fri, 2016-04-08 16:20

Hey, it's HighScalability time:


Time for a little drone envy. Sea Hunter, 132 foot autonomous surface vessel.

 

If you like this sort of Stuff then please consider offering your support on Patreon.
  • 12,000: base pairs in the largest biological circuit ever built; 3x: places GitHub data is now stored; 3.5x: Slacks daily user growth this year; 56 million: events/sec processed through BigTable; 100 Billion: requests per day served by Google App Engine

  • Quotable Quotes:
    • Horst724: #PanamaPapers is the biggest secret data leak in history. It involves 2,6 TB of data, a total of 11.5 million documents that have been leaked by an anonymous insider.
    • Amazon cloud has 1 million users and is near $10 billion in annual sales: Today, AWS offers more than 70 services for compute, storage, databases, analytics, mobile, Internet of Things, and enterprise applications. We also offer 33 Availability Zones across 12 geographic regions worldwide, with another five regions and 11 Availability Zones.
    • @CodeWisdom: "Give someone a program, you frustrate them for a day; teach them how to program, you frustrate them for a lifetime." - David Leinweber
    • @peterseibel: OH: it is amazing how many people reach for some complex distributed system when really all they need is a PC with 256 gigs of RAM in it.
    • @dschobel: once you realize that 1TB of ram costs ~$10k it changes your calculus for going distributed. I mean hopefully it does :)
    • @channingwalton: “The grid takes 8 hours so I’ll run it on my dev box, it’ll take 20 mins”, OH’d at a large bank
    • @noahsussman: First attempt at showing that CPU usage statistics of Web servers exhibit a 1/f spectral density. #devops #testing
    • @BenedictEvans: Tech spirals: Open/closed Client/server Search/curation Messaging/apps Document/service Bundle/unbundle Special/general purpose FB/Myspace
    • @Carnage4Life: Insider states Nest falling apart from constant death marches, no new products and missed revenue numbers.
Categories: High Scalability

How to Remove Duplicates in a Large Dataset Reducing Memory Requirements by 99%

High Scalability - Mon, 2016-04-04 15:57

This is a guest repost by Suresh Kondamudi from CleverTap.

Dealing with large datasets is often daunting. With limited computing resources, particularly memory, it can be challenging to perform even basic tasks like counting distinct elements, membership check, filtering duplicate elements, finding minimum, maximum, top-n elements, or set operations like union, intersection, similarity and so on

Probabilistic Data Structures to the Rescue

Probabilistic data structures can come in pretty handy in these cases, in that they dramatically reduce memory requirements, while still providing acceptable accuracy. Moreover, you get time efficiencies, as lookups (and adds) rely on multiple independent hash functions, which can be parallelized. We use structures like Bloom filtersMinHashCount-min sketchHyperLogLog extensively to solve a variety of problems. One fairly straightforward example is presented below.

The Problem

We at CleverTap manage mobile push notifications for our customers, and one of the things we need to guard against is sending multiple notifications to the same user for the same campaign. Push notifications are routed to individual devices/users based on push notification tokens generated by the mobile platforms. Because of their size (anywhere from 32b to 4kb), it’s non-performant for us to index push tokens or use them as the primary user key.

On certain mobile platforms, when a user uninstalls and subsequently re-installs the same app, we lose our primary user key and create a new user profile for that device. Typically, in that case, the mobile platform will generate a new push notification token for that user on the reinstall. However, that is not always guaranteed. So, in a small number of cases we can end up with multiple user records in our system having the same push notification token.

As a result, to prevent sending multiple notifications to the same user for the same campaign, we need to filter for a relatively small number of duplicate push tokens from a total dataset that runs from hundreds of millions to billions of records. To give you a sense of proportion, the memory required to filter just 100 Million push tokens is 100M * 256 = 25 GB!

The Solution – Bloom filter
Categories: High Scalability

Stuff The Internet Says On Scalability For April 1st, 2016

High Scalability - Fri, 2016-04-01 16:25

Hey, this is no joke, it's HighScalability time:


A glorious battle in EVE. Tens of thousands of pilots fighting tens of thousands of pilots in a real time all on a single shard.

 

If you like this sort of Stuff then please consider offering your support on Patreon.
  • $9.3B: punishment for Google's temerity of using Java; 200: computer scientists and neuroscientists at Google’s DeepMind; 22: cores in Intel's new Xeon E5-2600 V4 CPU; 12: fold boost in spectrum efficiency over current 4G cellular technology using a massive antenna system; 

  • Quotable Quotes:
    • Linus Torvalds:  I’m not a big visionary. I’m a very plodding pedestrian engineer, and I try to keep my eyes firmly on the ground. I’ll let others make the big predictions about where we’ll be in 5, 10 or 25 years
    • theymos: "Core" doesn't think anything because it's not any sort of unified organization.
    • whalesalad: We are running Kubernetes in production at FarmLogs and LOVE it.
    • @StackPointCloud: The operational complexity associated with monitoring containers is multiplied given the 1:N relationship of host:containers. #NYCK8s
    • hu6Bi5To: AWS is significantly more expensive like-for-like, but it's worth remembering that you wouldn't architect your whole system that way if you were targeting AWS.
    • Demis Hassabis [DeepMind]: We don't think just observing is enough for intelligence, you also have to act. Ultimately that’s the only way you can really understand the world.
    • @inottawa: @TeslaMotors can't login to mytesla. Any chance in scaling up those servers?
    • Adrian Colyer: Cliffhanger can achieve the same hit rate with 45% less memory capacity. When memory is one of the most expensive resources in the datacenter, that’s definitely significant!
    • Google: We showed how Cloud Dataflow users no longer have to worry about specifying the number of workers or partitions, and how Cloud Dataflow dynamically adjusts the number of workers over time.
    • @PandoDaily: The switch to subscription has meant huge growth for Adobe
    • spriggan3: You're not hip enough anymore, the new good practice in the valley is femtoservices. Each statement running on its own server.
    • @adrianco: If you are confused about the Tesla Model 3 "launch" think of it as a huge $1000 Kickstarter project
    • Baidu: Our algorithm is able to use crowd data from Baidu maps to predict how many people will be [at a certain location] in the next two hours
    • @robertoglezcano: By 2020, 80% of people around the world (6 billion) will own a smartphone
    • @adrianco: Let me know when you run a 1000 node Cassandra cluster on Kubernetes :-) 
    • Seph Skerritt: The algorithm doesn’t care what you really are. It matters what you choose, and what you think you are.
    • @JimPethokoukis: "Last year, YouTube and sites like it generated $385 million in royalties ... vinyl records brought in $416 million"
    • @gigastacey: "Customers press a Dash button once every minute of the day." 
    • Julian Baggini: One of the paradoxes of creativity is that originality tends towards sameness and similarity. What makes a Wagner opera stand out from others is also what makes it unmistakably Wagnerian.
    • Grant Jensen: In this study, we revealed the beautiful complexity of this machine, [which] be the strongest motor known in nature. The machine lets M. xanthus, a predatory bacterium, move across a field to form a ‘wolf pack’ with other M. xanthus cells, and hunt together for other bacteria on which to prey

  • Chamath Palihapitiya: AWS is a tax on the compute economy.  so whether you care about mobile apps, consumer apps, IoT, SaaS etc etc, more companies than not will be using AWS vs building their own infrastructure.  ecommerce was AMZN's way to dogfood aws, and continue to do so so that it was mission grade.  if you believe that over time the software industry is a multi, deca trillion industry, then ask yourself how valuable a company would be who taxes the majority of that industry. 

  • This is spooky. Google does know everything but it's AI that makes that knowledge manifest in the world. Google shocked this man by offering sympathy on the death of his father:  Google Now was offering him condolences on the death of his dad before showing him what could be emotionally charged photos. "Mind. Blown. I'm sad, I'm amazed, I'm taken back. What a lovely moment for some automated robot voice to express it's sympathy to me," he said.

  • Stack Overflow still does the mostest with the leastest. Nick Craver with a great post on Stack Overflow: The Hardware - 2016 Edition. Sure, there's a lot of hardware porn (with pics), but Nick's mental checklist of the process he goes through to help determine what to order is really insightful. It's too big to include here, but some highlights: Is this a scale up or scale out problem? (Are we buying one bigger machine, or a few smaller ones?); How much redundancy do we need/want? (How much headroom and failover capability?); Will this server/application touch disk? (Do we need anything besides the spinny OS drives?). Also, an interesting analysis by hu6Bi5To of what Stack Overflow might look like on AWS. Less hardware redundancy, less always on capacity, more geographical redundancy. 

Don't miss all that the Internet has to say on Scalability, click below and become eventually consistent with all scalability knowledge (which means this post has many more items to read so please keep on reading)...

Categories: High Scalability

Should Apple Build their Own Cloud?

High Scalability - Wed, 2016-03-30 15:56

This is one of the most interesting build or buy questions of all time: should Apple build their own cloud? Or should Apple concentrate on what they do best and buy cloud services from the likes of Amazon, Microsoft, and Google?

It’s a decision a lot of companies have to make, just a lot bigger, and because it’s Apple, more fraught with an underlying need to make a big deal out of it.

This build or buy question was raised and thoroughly discussed across two episodes of the Exponent podcast, Low Hanging Fruit and Pickaxe Retailers, with hosts Ben Thompson and James Allworth, who regularly talk about business strategy with an emphasis on tech. A great podcast, highly recommended. There’s occasional wit and much wisdom.

Dark Clouds Over Apple’s Infrastructure Efforts
Categories: High Scalability
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